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The Oxidised LDL test is designed to detect various cardiovascular conditions including Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and atherosclerosis. Lipid peroxidation, caused by the effect of free radicals on unsaturated fatty acids, plays a key role in a variety of pathological processes. Oxidised LDL is important for estimating the risk of atherosclerosis and treatment of an overt expression of such cardiovascular diseases. Small LDL particles are the markers of oxidized LDL cholesterol.


Oxidized LDL macrophages are recorded and stored via scavenger receptors. They convert them into foam cells as a result, and attach themselves to the vessel walls. The resulting inflammatory processes lead to the accumulation of other immunoreactive cells, the so-called atherosclerotic plaque. The break-up of atherosclerotic plaques and energy stores cause subsequent blood clots which are the most common cause of acute arterial occlusion. This enables practitioners to determine a patient's current atherogenic risk and assign treatments accordingly.